An unusual arum plant from America. The Philodendron species is mostly originate from neotropical rainforests. They are found in the US state of Florida, in Central America, on the Caribbean islands and in tropical South America. Philodendrons are the only genus of the tribus Philodendreae in the subfamily Aroideae within the plant family Araceae. They are evergreen root climbers that climb up trees without harming them. That is where they got their name: Philo in Greek means love and dendron tree.
Did you know?
Philodendrons are natural filtering plants. They serve as air purifiers because they filter out toxins such as carbon monoxide and formaldehyde from its ambient air.
The perfect location for Philodendrons:
Philodendrons feel most comfortable in semi-shady, bright places without direct sunlight. They should not be exposed to drafts and should always be placed in warm places (18°-22° Celsius). The popular green plant enjoys high humidity, similar to the conditions in the tropical rainforest. You can easily check this with a hygrometer.
How to care for Philodendrons:
Philodendron is the right choice even for inexperienced plant lovers. After all, in its care almost nothing can go wrong. The substrate should always be nice and loose, permeable and have a uniform soil moisture. To check the even soil moisture, you can use the so-called finger trick. To do this, dig a finger deep into the soil. If the first four inches are dry and crumbly, the plant needs moisture.
In order to live the life of a typical climber as a houseplant, Philodendrons, just like other climbing plants, is happy to have a little support in the form of a climbing stick. Moss sticks or coconut stems are suitable for this purpose. At the beginning it is advisable to show the plant the right way with the help of an attachment. In time, however, it will hold on to the climbing possibility all by itself with its aerial roots.
Due to their location, houseplants naturally cannot be regularly washed off by rain. Therefore, you should either give them a lukewarm shower, or alternatively, gently wipe them with a damp cloth. To avoid an over-supply of water, the planter should always be removed before washing them off so that the water can drain away properly. This will bring out the beautiful leaves and help your home shine again.
Good to know: Dust on the leaves can affect the metabolism of plants, hindering their ability to photosynthesize. That is why it is important to wash them regularly.
How to fertilize Philodendrons:
In order to provide the houseplant with important growth and vital substances, it must of course be fertilized from time to time. From March to October, the Philodendron should be supplied with nutrients once a week, whereas in the winter months it is often sufficient to fertilize once a month. This will help your plant grow quickly and healthily.
How to repot Alocasia
It is recommended for houseplants in the spring to check whether the plant needs a larger pot. If the roots start to emerge from the drainage holes, the case is clear: a new pot is needed. The new pot should be about five to eight inches larger than the previous one and filled with fresh loose substrate. This will give your fast-growing tree friend enough room to spread out again. By the way, new substrate can store more moisture. This is particularly beneficial for a tropical plant such as the philodendron.
Meanwhile, more than 600 different varieties of Philodendron have been discovered worldwide.
They are divided into erect, climbing and creeping species.
Our favorite 5:
- Philodendrn Billietiae variegata
- Philodendron Gloriosum
- Philodendron Strawberry Shake
- Philodendron Red Moon
- Philodendron Burle Marx variegata