Syngonium is a real exotic. Like the Alocasia, the climbing plant also belongs to the Araceae family. The plant is at home in the tropical rainforests of southern Mexico, western India and Central and South America. It forms woody vines that snake along the trunks of huge trees. Syngonium can thus reach a height of 10 to 20 meters. It usually has arrow-shaped or divided leaves, which can have different leaf patterns and colors depending on the species. Over time, the evergreen plant forms shoots that hang or climb further and further along large trees.
The perfect location for Syngonium:
To make your Syngonium as native as possible, make sure to place it in a bright place with indirect light (min. 4400 lux) - just like in its natural habitat. This is especially important for variegated varieties. The more white the leaves bear, the more light the variegated green plant needs. Strong drafts and cold temperatures should be avoided. As usual for a tropical plant, the Syngonium likes warm temperatures between 18° and 23° Celsius. Every Syngonium is also happy about an increased humidity. This can be easily checked with a hygrometer.
While the true exotic is somewhat easier to care for in the summer, it can definitely become more demanding in the winter. This has mainly to do with the dry heating air. Here, a humidifier can help.
How to care about Syngoniums:
Syngonium is a tough plant - which means it's not that easy to kill. Nevertheless, there are some things to consider.
The substrate should always be loose and permeable and have a uniform soil moisture. The plant does not like waterlogging or prolonged dryness. Optimally, syngonium should be watered moderately with stagnant, low-lime and room-warm water. To check for even soil moisture, you can use the so-called finger trick. To do this, dig a finger deep into the soil. If the first four inches are dry and crumbly, the plant needs moisture. Excess water must be removed from the planter or saucer after about 15 minutes of watering, otherwise the substrate will become too moist and waterlogging will occur.
In order to live the life of a typical climber even as a houseplant, syngonium is happy to have a little support in the form of a vine stick. Moss sticks or coconut stems are suitable for this purpose. In the beginning it is advisable to show the plant the right way with the help of an attachment. In time, however, it will hold on to the climbing possibility by itself with its aerial roots. Since indoor plants are generally never washed by rainwater, we recommend a lukewarm shower. It is important to take the plant out of the planter so that the excess water can drain off well. This will bring the leaves back to their full glory and there will be no more dust standing in the way of photosynthesis. Alternatively, you can carefully wipe the leaves with a damp cloth.
How to fertilize Syngoniums:
Syngonium is a very grateful plant. It will even forgive you if you forget to fertilize it, as it has a rather low nutrient requirement. In the light months it is absolutely sufficient to fertilize it every four to six weeks. In the darker months from November to March, one dose is enough for the entire period.
How to repot Syngoniums:
For houseplants, it is recommended to check in the spring whether a new pot is needed or not. With syngoniums, the need can be easily identified by the roots. A new pot is due when the roots penetrate through the drainage holes. In this case, the new pot should be about five to eight centimeters larger and filled with fresh, loose substrate. This gives the fast-growing climbing plant enough space to spread out again.
So far, about 41 species belong to the genus Syngonium. These include, for example, Syngonium podophyllum and Syngonnium Wendlandii.
Our favorite 5:
- Syngonium Aurea
- Syngonium Red Spot Tricolor
- Syngonium Scrambled Eggs
- Syngonium Mottled Arrowhead / Mojito
- Syngonium Milk Confetti